Category Health

Inequality in adult life expectancy in low- and middle-income countries: The case of Indonesia

Nikkil Sudharsanan writes about the size and drivers of adult life expectancy disparities between socio-economic strata in Indonesia. For over 40 years, researchers have found that high socioeconomic status (SES) individuals in high-income countries live longer than individuals with low SES. Although these findings have existed for decades, interest in mortality inequality has surged in […]

ISIS violence against Yazidis in Iraq

Valeria Cetorelli writes about results of a new survey that estimates the extent of ISIS violence against Yazidis in Iraq. During the summer of 2014, ISIS subjugated the Nineveh governorate in northern Iraq, home to most of Iraq’s minority groups. These minorities were systematically targeted by ISIS in a violent campaign to ‘purify’ the region […]

Malaria importation from Africa to China driven by investment and migrant workers

Shangjie Lai writes about the role of migration in transmission routes of malaria between sub-Saharan Africa and China. The international spread of infectious diseases including Plasmodium falciparum malaria has been accelerated by increasing human mobility via air travel over recent decades. An emerging route of P. falciparum infection is from Africa to China by Chinese […]

The geography of maternal health in the Sustainable Development Goal era – No woman left behind

Cori Ruktanochai presents maternal health outcomes at subnational level for five Sub Saharian African countries.

Infrastructural Challenges in Maternity and Newborn Care in Rural Kenya

In this post Hildah Essendi (PhD) discusses her research on access to maternal and newborn care in two rural communities in Kenya. The efforts and commitments to accelerate progress towards the Millennium Development Goals for maternal and newborn health (MDGs 4 and 5) in low and middle income countries have focused primarily on providing key […]

You May Still End Up Alone: Case Study of Older Adults in Vietnam, Cambodia, and Indonesia

Chia Liu explores the living arrangements of the older population of Cambodia, Vietnam and Indonesia, using the latest Integrated Public Use Microdata Series International (IPUMS-I). Globally, women are more likely to live alone in old age compared to men (United Nations, 2005). This is due to women marrying older men, which is then exacerbated by […]

Maternal body composition and breast milk transfer in the context of the nutrition transition

Femke Hitzert won the NIDI Master Thesis Award in 2014 for her research on the association between maternal body composition and breast milk transfer. This guest post by Femke describes her findings. Breast milk is the most important source of nutrients for infants during the first six months of their life, which is underlined by […]

African Health Statistics

MamaYe has announced the launch of an innovative data site which allows you to chart, map and compare key health indicators across all 54 African Union member states. After months of carefully gathering data, deciding the indicators, testing the codes, designing how the numbers will be translated into graphs or maps, and consulting with governments […]

Changing patterns: Regional mortality differences and the East-West divide in Germany

Eva Kibele’s (E.U.B.Kibele@rug.nl) guest post is based on her PhD thesis “Regional mortality differences in Germany”, written while she was with the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research and supervised by James W. Vaupel, Gabriele Doblhammer and Vladimir Shkolnikov. Currently she is a postdoc researcher at the Population Research Center of the University of Groningen, […]

Keeping Kids in the Safety Net: Malaria in Older Children

Malaria is one of the toughest and deadliest diseases of all time. This potentially deadly, but preventable mosquito-borne parasitic disease caused an estimated 627,000 deaths worldwide in 2012, with approximately 77% occurring in children under the age of five. However, the actual number of  deaths due to malaria may be even higher; an interesting study […]

Demography and epidemiology: past and future directions

Epidemiology and demography are often so close that it can be difficult to distinguish one from the other. Is it necessary to train health demographers when epidemiologists could just as well do the job? Could researchers from either field learn something from each other? As my first post for Demotrends, I thought I’d share some […]